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What is an academic letter and scientific text?

Scientists from English -speaking countries are well aware of what an academic letter is, but this discipline is just beginning to develop. It implies the ability to formulate thoughts briefly and understandable when writing scientific works. Many students choose to use coursework writing service to succeed in this type of academic paper. Since it’s a big challenge for most students.
From the article you will learn what an academic letter is and how to master this presentation style.

What is an academic letter?

Academic letter is an exposition of scientific papers. It is the ability to state thoughts in scientific work in a concise form. This style is characterized by:

the presence of certain requirements for the structure of the text and its design;

the use of a scientific or journalistic style of presentation;

the ability to argue and rephrasing;

The ability to reference correctly and draw up a list of literature.

The academic writer is characterized by concentration on the described problem, and not on the expression of personal opinion. Instead of the first person, it is preferable to use the third, to avoid the use of colloquial vocabulary, abbreviations, phraseological units. Unlike other styles, it is allowed to repeat the same words for a better understanding of the material.

The academic style of the narrative is used in higher educational institutions to maintain educational and scientific ties between countries. With its help, students, graduate students and more experienced scientists write reports, coursework and develop research activities outside their native state.

The principles of this style of writing are guided by editors of international scientific journals, so every scientist needs to master its skills who wants to achieve success in the world of science and publish scientific works abroad.

Researchers from foreign countries have long been using academic writing. In addition, English -speaking scientists also make the main contribution to its development. In our country, knowledge of the academic style is not so actively widespread, although scientists from various fields are engaged in solving the problem – philologists, linguists, sociopsychologists, information technology specialists.

Genres of academic writing

A scientific article is the main source of the transmission of scientific and technical information, the text contains the results of studies of the scientist, logical reasoning, justification of the data.
Review – a critical assessment of scientific work by another authoritative scientist.

Monograph – work dedicated to a specific topic that the researcher writes on the basis of a large number of sources found on scientific topics.

The dissertation is a voluminous scientific work necessary for the applicant to obtain a degree of candidate/Doctor of Sciences.

Among the secondary genres, are:

Abstract – a text that is similar in meaning to the original source and transmitting truthful information, but with the possibility of supplementing with new information.

Annotation – is a brief presentation of a scientific work that reflects the essence. It may have the form of a list of theses on the topic or description of the structure of the article, dissertation.

Scientific discussions – a search for a solution to a specific problem through discussion, voiceing contradictions, a critical consideration of different points of vision.

Despite the differences in the content, volume and other spelling specifics, all the genres of academic writing have a common feature – accuracy, clarity and sequence of presentation of the material.

Features of academic writing in English

The English academic style is significantly different from other styles, it is considered more complex and structured. Nevertheless, it can be mastered by knowledge of basic English and following certain rules. It is necessary to observe the structure of the narrative:

Introduction is a clear and short disclosure of the topic in order to introduce the reader to the course of the case;

The main part is the retelling of the existing information on the subject studied and the presentation of your own vision of the problem (this can be a literary review, discussion, consideration of a visual example);

Conclusion – the formulation of conclusions, prospects and forecasts of further development of the study issue.

Sometimes researchers include additional sections: content, list of literature, applications, links, words of gratitude.

In addition, other requirements must be observed:

The thought that the author wants to convey to the reader is clearly formulated, and after reading the topic is completely disclosed so that there are no questions left.

The main idea of ​​scientific work is confirmed by facts, arguments.

The text is faceless, there are no pronouns “I”, “we” in it.

The rules of grammar, spelling, punctuation are strictly followef. There are no spatial thoughts that are not related to the topic.

The text is unique.

Quoting and referencing to the work of other scientists are only welcome, but they are used to make it clear to the reader to understand for what purpose a quote or a link is given. This shows the author’s skills to conduct comprehensive research and extract the essence from other works.

In an academic letter, it is mandatory to comply with a scientific or scientific-journalistic style, any information should be supported by references to the research of other authors working in this direction. You can not use contractions without decryption, long and illogical sentences.

7 main tips for beginners

For those who only find out what an academic letter is and how to master its skills, there are several useful recommendations:

Take classes. You can practice the style when writing scientific works, but more effective and faster way is to undergo training in special courses.

Use the leadership in stylistic grammar. In addition to standard grammatical rules, an academic letter involves compliance with style standards.

Learn with examples. Not only the regular practice of writing, but also reading the scientific works of other scientists will help quickly master the presentation style. After reading several articles, it will be easier to figure out what an academic letter is.

Plan and train. You should start work on the text with preparation. It is necessary to draw up a plan according to which scientific work will be written, it can be in the form of sketches, a list, diagram.

Formulate the main idea, reinforce it with facts. The main situation is in any scientific work, it is a key idea around which work is being built. The author formulates the statement and proves its correctness in the text.
Receive work reviews. Having written an article, an abstract or other scientific work, it is useful to give the material to classmates, colleagues, teachers to read the material. A fresh look will help to see typos, mistakes, other comments that are invisible to the author.

Conclusion

Every beginner or authoritative scientist who wants to achieve recognition in international scientific circles should know what an academic letter is. This is a special style of presentation that is used in scientific work and is distinguished by compliance with certain rules to structure, content, design and other requirements.

It is important to study the academic style to graduate students, teachers and novice scientists engaged in science and sending their works to international magazines, and the acquired skill will be useful not only in science, but also in work. You can check the best writing service for more support. They help thousands of student every day.

Read More: Easy way to get help with a data structure assignment

Written by Muhammad Adeel Aslam

Mr. Adeel is a diverse person having expertise in Content Writing, WordPress development and SEO. He consider himself a ‘forever student,’ eager to build on his professional foundations in Content Writing, WordPress development and Search engine optimization. He believes mindfulness in a workplace is key to success. He's currently working as a freelancer and is always interested in a challenge.

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